What is the meaning of self quarantine and how it is to be done
How is self-quarantining different from self-isolating?
Although the two terms sound similar, there is a small difference between them. Isolation is about “separating sick people with a contagious disease from people who are not sick.”
– means it is done for the people who are sick.
Alternatively, the second preventive measure quarantining “separates and restricts the movement of people who were exposed to a contagious disease to see if they become sick”. Quarantine is for the suspects – recommended for individuals who are believed to have been exposed to an infectious disease like a coronavirus infection, but are not symptomatic. Self-quarantine is when you separate yourself from others, even when you are feeling fine, because there is a high chance that you have been exposed to the disease. So it is the chance of exposure rather than the symptoms that warrant self-quarantine. Symptoms warrant isolation.
Being in quarantine involves monitoring if the symptoms develop in an individual who may have been exposed to the virus. These suspects will remain in their homes so that they do not spread the disease to others, in case it does develop.
Risk and the need for self quarantine (CDC)
- If you are not sick and have not been exposed to coronavirus, you do not need to self-quarantine.
- If you are at higher risk for serious illness from Covid-19 because of your age or because you have a serious long-term health problem (Heart disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Lung disease), it is extra important for you to take actions to reduce your risk of getting sick with the disease.
Who should self-quarantine because of coronavirus?
The CDC recommends that two groups that are at a higher risk of contracting the virus –
A. people over the age of 60
- people with underlying medical conditions (Heart disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Lung disease)
– should consider self-quarantining if a coronavirus outbreak occurs in their community.
Who/ What is a Close Contact?
A close contact is someone who has been face to face for at least 15 minutes, or been in the same closed space for at least 2 hours, as someone who has tested positive for the COVID-19 when that person was infectious.
A close contact is defined as requiring:
- greater than 15 minutes face-to-face contact in any setting with a confirmed case in the period extending from 24 hours before onset of symptoms in the confirmed case, or
- sharing of a closed space with a confirmed case for a prolonged period (e.g. more than 2 hours) in the period extending from 24 hours before onset of symptoms in the confirmed case.
For the purposes of surveillance, a close contact includes a person meeting any of the following criteria:
- Living in the same household or household-like setting (e.g. in a boarding school or hostel).
- Direct contact with the body fluids or laboratory specimens of a case without recommended Personal Protectve Equipment (PPE) or failure of PPE.
- A person who spent 2 hours or longer in the same room (such as a waiting room a school classroom; a communal room in an aged care facility).
- A person in the same hospital room when an aerosol generating procedure is undertaken on the case, without recommended PPE.
Aircraft passengers who were seated in the same row as the case, or in the two rows in front or two rows behind a confirmed COVID-19 case. Contact tracing of people who may have had close contact on long bus or train trips should also be attempted where possible, using similar seating/proximity criteria.
In case of a Close Contact, people should Isolate themselves and monitor their health closely
If you have been identified to have had close contact with someone who is confirmed to have infection with COVID-19 while they were infectious, you must:
- Isolate yourself at home until 14 days after you were last exposed to the infectious person. You should not leave the house, except for seeking medical care.
- You should stay in a different room to other people as much as possible, and wear a surgical mask when you are in the same room as another person and when seeking medical care.
- Use a separate bathroom if available.
- Do not go to work, school, or public areas, and do not use public transportation, taxi services or ride shares.
- Watch for signs and symptoms:
- shortness of breath
- other early symptoms to watch for are chills, body aches, sore throat, headache and runny nose, muscle pain or diarrhea.
How long should one self-quarantine, if believed to have come in contact with coronavirus? Also, do other people in the household need to self-quarantine as well?
According to the CDC, if individuals do not display symptoms of illness after two weeks, they should be okay to conclude the period of self-quarantine and return to their daily routines as normal.
During a period of self-quarantine, other members of a household typically do not need to be self-quarantined.
When does an individual typically start showing the symptoms?
A study5 found that out of the 181 people who contracted the new coronavirus COVID-19, most people developed symptoms within six days of becoming infected, and 98% of them had symptoms by day 12. The authors of the study calculated that about 100 out of every 10,000 patients will take longer than that to begin showing symptoms.
What to do in case you get sick?
If you get sick with a fever (100.4°F/38°C or higher), cough, or have trouble breathing:
- Seek medical care. Call ahead before you go to a doctor’s office or emergency room.
- Tell your doctor about your recent travel and your symptoms.
- Avoid contact with others.
If you need to seek medical care for other reasons, such as dialysis, call ahead to your doctor and tell them about your recent travel to an area with widespread or ongoing community spread of COVID-19.
References (accessed on 14 March 2020)